Venus has lengthy been referred to as a house to loads of volcanoes – however not fairly this many.
A brand new map of the red-hot planet, which has a floor temperature of about 450C (842F), reveals there are round 85,000 scattered over its panorama.
That is nearly 50 occasions greater than previous surveys had counted.
The massive map, revealed alongside analysis within the Journal of Geophysical Analysis: Planets, was constructed utilizing radar photographs taken by NASA’s Magellan spacecraft.
Earlier research had discovered proof of volcanic exercise on Venus, however the work by researchers at Washington College in St Louis marks the primary time Magellan’s findings have been transformed into such an in depth map.
Co-author Paul Byrne mentioned it was “probably the most complete map of all volcanic edifices on Venus ever compiled”.
Whereas the Washington group doesn’t know whether or not the volcanoes are energetic, the map might assist establish potential places for any future eruptions.
And there may very well be much more…
Lead writer Rebecca Hahn advised the findings may be the tip of the magma cone.
Nearly all of the volcanoes mapped are lower than 3.1 miles huge, which is taken into account fairly small.
It is why a lot of them had gone unseen till now, with Ms Hahn utilising software program that wasn’t accessible when the Magellan knowledge first grew to become accessible to search out extra elusive volcanoes.
“Folks again then have been manually hand-drawing circles across the volcanoes,” she mentioned.
“I can simply do it on my laptop.”
And Ms Hahn believes there may very well be way more, even smaller volcanoes strewn throughout Venus’s floor, which can change into seen with extra trendy imaging tools.
Venus is already higher surveyed for volcanoes than Earth, as all of its volcanoes are on the floor.
On our planet, many are considered hidden beneath the oceans. We solely know for positive about 1,350 doubtlessly energetic volcanoes worldwide.
NASA and the European Area Company are each making ready missions that may take footage of Venus at larger element than ever earlier than – the latter is aiming to launch in 2031.
Mr Byrne mentioned: “There are nonetheless an enormous variety of questions we have now for Venus that we won’t reply.
“We’re simply getting began.”