The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) printed a warning concerning the uncommon Ebola-like Marburg virus Thursday, advising American public well being officers and medical doctors to be looking out.
There are two confirmed outbreaks of Marburg virus disease (MVD) in Tanzania and Equatorial Guinea. The CDC says the pathogen possible spilled over from wild animals to people.
There have been no reported Marburg diagnoses within the U.S., however the CDC seeks to “enhance consciousness of the chance of imported instances in the US.”
The illness is normally unfold by contact with contaminated blood or different bodily fluids relatively than airborne transmission.
“Presently, the chance of MVD in the US is low; nevertheless, clinicians ought to pay attention to the potential for imported instances,” the CDC mentioned.
The illness has epidemic potential, in response to the World Health Organization (WHO). It has excessive fatality charges — out of eight Tanzanian instances reported to this point, 5 of the sufferers died.
Equatorial Guinea officers reported their first outbreak Feb. 13, the place there have been 14 confirmed instances and 10 deaths. The Tanzanian authorities introduced its first-ever outbreak of MVD on March 21.
Signs embody headache, fatigue, sudden fever, unexplained bleeding and gastrointestinal signs. Muscle and joint ache and lack of urge for food are additionally widespread.
The incubation interval is normally two to 21 days. The CDC famous that the illness is usually tough to diagnose.
“Lots of the indicators and signs of MVD are much like different infectious ailments (reminiscent of malaria or typhoid fever) or viral hemorrhagic fevers which may be endemic within the space (reminiscent of Lassa fever or Ebola),” the CDC mentioned. “That is very true if solely a single case is concerned.”
The CDC says the illness’s mortality fee is wherever from 23% to 90%. There is no such thing as a Meals and Drug Administration (FDA) accredited vaccine for the illness, however fluid substitute and intensive supportive care in its early phases might be profitable.